Transportation in Friuli Venezia Giulia

Current language English

   Deutsche Sprache : un-official web pages about the present and the past of public transports in Friuli Venezia Giulia (by Giovanni Tosi)

The first train

On the 27th of July 1857 Franz Josef Emperor of Austria solemnly opened the Lubiana - Trieste railway, thus connecting Trieste with the capital Vienna.

The railway line between Udine and Venice was ready only in 1860. In 1879 the projects for rail expansion brought to the construction of the Udine - Pontebba  - Tarvisio line.

In the following years the “Società Veneta” contributed to the development and construction of further lines (see private and concession railways).

In the first years of the 20th century after the takeover by the private company “Southern Austrian Railways” (Südbahn) the need for an alternative route to the Trieste - Lubiana - Vienna was increasingly felt. As a direct consequence of this in 1906 the Transalpina was opened, a line that daringly winding its way along the Isonzo and Vipacco valleys joined the state network at Jezenice.

Trieste’s second railway station

Obviously Trieste’s railway station could not remain the same. Sant’Andrea station (later to become Campo Marzio station) was consequently moved and enlarged, formerly staring point of the junction with the Istrian railway to Erpelle.

This station was also the departing point (from 1902 to 1935) of the narrow 760 mm gauge Trieste -Capodistria - Buje - Visinada - Parenzo line better known as the "Parenzana".

The new borders

In the aftermath of the Second World War the region was deprived of certain territories near Trieste and relations with Tito’s new Federative Republic of Yugoslavia became more difficult. For this reason the Trieste - Erpelle and the Tarvisio - Fusine - Ratece were reduced to “mutilated” lines that saw ever reducing traffic till their inevitable closure in the 50s and 60s.

A new mobility based more and more on private cars and on buses brought to the decline of other lines that, amid the total disregard of the population and the local government, “temporarily” ended service (the Casarsa - Spilimbergo - Pinzano is such an example).

Other upgradement projects, such as the rectification of the Udine - Trieste line between Redipuglia and Cormons were abandoned in favour of priorities like the marshalling yard at Cervignano.

Another new and imposing achievement of particular importance was the new “Pontebbana”, at the moment unfortunately not used to its full extent, which, mostly through tunnels or on viaducts, allows trains to run on double track at a speed of 160 Km/h.

The new joint-stock company Trenitalia S.p.A., formerly Ferrovie dello Stato (State Railways), operates regular service on all the main routes of the region.

Double track lines are the Trieste - Cervignano - Latisana (- Venice), the Trieste - Gorizia - Udine - Pordenone (Treviso - Venice) and the brand new Udine - Tarvisio (- Arnoldstein), all electrified.

Single track lines are the Gemona - Pinzano - Sacile (or "Pedemontana"), the Cervignano - Palmanova - Udine, the Ronchi Sud - Ronchi Nord junction, the Gorizia ( - Vrtojba - Nova Gorica), the Udine orbital and the Trieste Campo Marzio - Rozzol - Opicina with its continuation to Monrupino (- Kreplje - Nova Gorica) ("Transalpina").

Among the new railway lines to be built in the future, there is the new high speed Paris - Lione - Turin - Milan - Venice - Trieste route, with its continuation towards Eastern Europe; the section between Monfalcone and Trieste should be mostly trough tunnels due to the difficult orographic situation.

One must also remember the various industrial junctions in concession to companies that carry out shunting activities in railway marshalling yards, among these the Carnia - Tolmezzo, the San Giorgio - Porto Nogaro, the new Fincantieri shipyards junction and the connection with the port of Monfalcone, and the Trieste - Aquilinia - Noghere line.

Regarding the Carnia  - Tolmezzo line, recently a committee for its tourist exploitation has been formed in Udine. Among its promoters there is the Transport Enthusiasts Section of the “Dopolavoro Ferroviario”, the railway workers recreational organization.

Merid0.jpg (51325 byte)

1857: the first train

in Trieste (coll. Tosi)

Merid3.jpg (46955 byte)

On Barcola viaduct

(coll. Tosi)

Merid4.jpg (84221 byte)

The viaduct of

 Roiano (Trieste)

treni15.jpg (81057 byte)


 station (coll. Tosi)

trans2.jpg (290559 byte)

Salcano bridge in

Transalpina (coll. Tosi)




HOME PAGE | site map | buses | navigation | railways | ropeways | tramways | trolleybuses | news | Links | Contacts